Behaviour Services

Behaviour Services

Behavioural Services

Behaviour modification plans for all types of behaviour problems in pets

Behavioural Consultation

For problematic behaviour I offer a full behavioural service which includes an EMRA.

  • EMRA (Emotion, Mood State, Reinforcment Assessment)

At Holistic Pet I focus on viewing your pet as an individual and review the living environment from an overall perspective.

I take under consideration the pets natural needs; both physical and mental, as well as emotional states which may affect a pets behaviour and general mood state. This is achieved by doing an EMRA Assessment

What is the EMRA approach

When working with problem behaviours it is crucial to view the entire individual as well as the environment the pet lives in. There are many factors that can contribute to what may seem as a 'simple' behavioural problem or something thought the pet just needs to learn to do. Many behaviours may be difficult to 'cure' if other factors, like stress or other emotional states like fear, are involved. Therefore, the holistic view is crucial. The EMRA approach considers reinforcements, everyday life factors, hedonic budget, emotional triggers, emotional state of mind, etc.

The Emotional Assessment involves observing how the animal feels at the moment the problem behaviour occurs, i.e. just before the trigger of the behaviour, during and shortly afterwards.

Mood State Assessment is measured over a longer period of time in order to get a sense of how the animal is feeling in general, i.e. general mood state.

Reinforcement Assessment involves the factors which are reinforcing or maintaining the behaviour, which may be external or internal.

Through the EMRA approach we cast aside old-fashioned concepts and categorisations such as 'dominance aggression' and 'separation anxiety'. The focus lies instead on the awareness of the individuality of your pet as well as emotionality. The science behind assessing an animal's emotionality is largely based on Jaak Panksepp's extraordinary work and his development of the acknowledged seven primal emotional systems that all mammals, including humans, have (SEEKING, PLAY, CARE, LUST, PANIC/GRIEF, FEAR and RAGE system).

EMRA also includes an assessment of the Hedonic Budget which focuses on the natural and individual needs of the animal, e.g. explorative behaviour and social needs as well as basic needs such as sleep and diet. With a well satisfied Hedonic Budget the animal is more likely to feel content in life, and therefore a well-balanced Hedonic Budget will help improve the general mood state.

To help me prepare for the first consultation

I will send you a questionnaire to complete, which forms part of the consultation. The first consultation will normally be carried out in your pet's home

I will then devise a behavioural treatment plan and give you an in depth report. Full support will be given when putting the plan in place. A follow up appointment is included if necessary and full support is available when implementing the plan.

Some of the behavioural problems I can help with include:


  • Aggression
  • Food guarding behaviours
  • Attention-seeking behaviours
  • Destructive or anxious behaviour when left alone
  • Toilet training issues
  • Tail chasing/chewing and OCD behaviours
  • Separation issues
  • Reactivity on and off the lead
  • Rehabilitation of rescued pets (inc. foreign rescues)


  • Aggression
  • Urinating in house
  • Conflict with other cats or animals in the home
  • Fear or Anxiety issues
  • Wool eating
  • Over-grooming

Rabbits & other small animals

  • Chewing carpets and wallpaper
  • Digging carpets
  • Lack of interest in activities
  • Aggression

Not sure if it is a behaviour or training issue?

This will be confirmed by me before the appointment so an accurate quote can be given, or feel free to get in touch

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